What Does a Business Analyst Do? Part 5 – Responsibilities of the BA

Business Analyst Bill Headshot

Responsibilities of the BA

The BA has many responsibilities throughout a project.  These include –

  • Managing overall solution requirements
  • Seeking approval of requirements from the business sponsor
  • Producing and/or contributing to key project deliverables
  • Documenting the BRD
  • Implementing process improvement

 

Managing overall solution requirements

In managing the overall requirements for the solution, the BA performs several duties, including –

  • Determining root causes
  • Defining scope
  • Defining and modeling requirements
  • Validating requirements
  • Managing change
  • Planning testing
  • Producing test scenarios and test cases

 

Seeking approval of requirements from the business sponsor

The business sponsor is responsible for final approval of all requirements on behalf of the business.  The BA ensures the business sponsor reviews and approves all solution requirements.

 

Producing and/or contributing to key project deliverables

During the business analysis process, the BA often reports directly to the project manager.  The project manager is responsible for approval of all plans produced by the BA.  The BA contributes to the development of the vision and scope report and the master test plan.  The BA contributes to the development of the vision and scope report and the master test plan.  The BA is responsible for producing the requirements work plan (RWP) and the BRD.

 

Documenting the BRD

The BA must have the knowledge necessary to develop to BRD.  This requires that the BA be knowledgeable in defining requirements, distinguishing functional from nonfunctional requirements, documenting requirements with business models, and applying techniques to help organize and communicate requirements.

 

Implementing process improvement

On a process improvement project, the BA is a key member of the process improvement team and often manages the individual phases of the process.  This requires that the BA have knowledge and skills in –

  • Preparing the business case
  • Identifying process management goals in line with business strategy
  • Evaluating and documenting existing processes (modeling the AS-IS process)
  • Designing and documenting new, improved processes (modeling the TO-BE process)
  • Assisting with the planning of the process implementation
  • Establishing internal and external process benchmarks
  • Re-engineering processes when necessary

 

The BA as project ambassador

Overall, as a representative of the business, the BA is a project ambassador, bridging the world of the customer and technical team responsible for developing the solution.

 

I hope you found the articles about what a BA does useful.  If you have any questions or would like any of the items expanded upon please feel free to contact me and I will fill in the blanks.  Thanks!