Kirkpatrick Level Two focuses on what learners have and haven’t learned. It requires that your learning solutions demonstrate how you developed your learners with regards to their skills, attitudes, knowledge, confidence, and commitment. As instructional designers we want to measure these attribute both before and after training.
With regards to knowledge attained, we regularly rely upon assessment exams. As instructional designers we are required to craft assessments build to legally defensible, fair, equitable yet rigorous exams.
Here is a cheat sheet of exam attributes I use regularly to ensure I keep my learning programs at a world-class level.
Corrigan’s Crib Notes for Assessment Exams for Instructional Designers
1. All answers must map back to a learning solution or job pre-requisite.
2. All exams must contain questions that possess a sufficiently high degree of difficulty.
3. All exams must contain questions that exhibit possession of critical problem-solving skills with regards to the subject matter.
4. All exams must comply with ISO 10667-1:2011
5. Cut/pass scores are to be dynamic by design. e.g. – 70% for new hire job continuance, 90% for certification or accreditation.
6. All exams must provide knowledge gap feedback. e.g. – what the wrong answer was, what the correct answer is, recommendations on which learning solution(s) to revisit.
7. If your assessment is multiple choice:
a. No less than five answer choices per question
b. No “All of the Above”
c. No “None of the Above”
d. No “A and C”, “A, B & C”, “B and D only”, etc.
e. No True/False
8. All questions randomized.
9. All answers randomized.
10. Proctor required for in-person exams.
Stick with these guidelines and you’re on your way to instructional design success.
What other guidelines do you recommend or use when crafting assessments?